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Antibiotic prescribing practice in management of cough and/or diarrhoea in Moshi Municipality, Northern Tanzania: cross-sectional descriptive study

Citation: 
Antibiotic prescribing practice in management of cough and/or diarrhoea in Moshi Municipality, Northern Tanzania: cross-sectional descriptive study. Judith John Gwimile, Seif Abdallah Shekalaghe, Gibson Nsokolo Kapanda, Elton Richard Kisanga. Pan Afr Med J. 2012; 12: 103.
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Misuse of antibiotics is due to diagnostic uncertainty, lack of prescriber knowledge, lack of opportunity for follow-up, easy availability of antibiotics and lack of treatment guidelines. This study observed a high antibiotic prescription rate by clinicians and treatment guidelines for management of patients who presented with cough and/or diarrhoea are followed. Continuing professional development programmes for clinicians on prescription would help in reducing irrational prescribing practices.

In Tanzania guidelines used are National Standard Treatment Guidelines and the National Essential Medicines List, prepared by Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (URT), World Health Organization pocket book of hospital care for children guidelines for the management of common illnesses with limited resources (WHO), and the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI).

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Author(s): 

Judith John Gwimile, Seif Abdallah Shekalaghe, Gibson Nsokolo Kapanda, Elton Richard Kisanga

Year published: 
2012
Month published: 
August