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Evidence for Health II: Overcoming barriers to using evidence in policy and practice

Citation: 
Andermann A, Pang T, Newton JN, Davis A, Panisset U. Evidence for Health II: Overcoming barriers to using evidence in policy and practice. Health Res Policy Syst. 2016 Mar 14;14(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s12961-016-0086-3.
Abstract / Summary: 
Even the highest quality evidence will have little impact unless it is incorporated into decision-making for health. It is therefore critical to overcome the many barriers to using evidence in decision-making, including (1) missing the window of opportunity, (2) knowledge gaps and uncertainty, (3) controversy, irrelevant and conflicting evidence, as well as (4) vested interests and conflicts of interest. While this is certainly not a comprehensive list, it covers a number of main themes discussed in the knowledge translation literature on this topic, and better understanding these barriers can help readers of the evidence to be more savvy knowledge users and help researchers overcome challenges to getting their evidence into practice. Thus, the first step in being able to use research evidence for improving population health is ensuring that the evidence is available at the right time and in the right format and language so that knowledge users can take the evidence into consideration alongside a multitude of other factors that also influence decision-making. The sheer volume of scientific publications makes it difficult to find the evidence that can actually help inform decisions for health. Policymakers, especially in low- and middle-income countries, require context-specific evidence to ensure local relevance. Knowledge synthesis and dissemination of policy-relevant local evidence is important, but it is still not enough. There are times when the interpretation of the evidence leads to various controversies and disagreements, which act as barriers to the uptake of evidence. Research evidence can also be influenced and misused for various aims and agendas. It is therefore important to ensure that any new evidence comes from reliable sources and is interpreted in light of the overall body of scientific literature. It is not enough to simply produce evidence, nor even to synthesize and package evidence into a more user-friendly format. Particularly at the policy level, political savvy is also needed to ensure that vested interests do not undermine decisions that can impact the health of individuals and populations.    
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Selected extracts: 

'Billions of dollars are spent each year on producing research, but to what extent does all this research actually serve to improve health outcomes?'

'The first step in being able to use research evidence is ensuring that it is available at the right time and in the right format [6], so that knowledge users can take the evidence into consideration alongside a multitude of other factors that also influence decision-making.'

'According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [10], before implementing a new intervention, policymakers want to know (1) can it work? (2) will it work here? and (3) is it worth it?'

'the EVIPNet Portal includes a repertory of EVIPNet Policy Briefs which synthesise the research evidence and offer evidence-informed and contextualised policy options in a user-friendly format to support well-informed policy decisions   http://?www.?evipnet.?org/?modules/?dia/?index.?php??where=?POLICYBRIEF '

Formal literature type: 
Journal title: 
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Author(s): 

Andermann A, Pang T, Newton JN, Davis A, Panisset U. 

Year published: 
2016
Month published: 
March