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Research's Practice and Barriers of Knowledge Translation in Iran.

Research's Practice and Barriers of Knowledge Translation in Iran. Nedjat S, Gholami J, Yazdizadeh B, Nedjat S, Maleki K, Majdzadeh R. Iran J Public Health. 2014 Jul;43(7):968-80.
Abstract / Summary: 
ABSTRACT Background: Knowledge Translation is a process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange and application of knowledge to improve the health, services and products In this study we have attempted to examine the knowledge translation practice and its perceived barriers on the universalities and research institutes (research sector) in Iran. Methods: Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used. In the quantitative section, a questionnaire had prepared for this study was completed by 88 authors country wide from randomly selected papers. In the qualitative section 13 in-depth interviews and 6 focus group discussions were held with managers and policy makers, clinical and health service providers, and researchers. Results: Twenty four percent of the authors had no interaction whatsoever with the target audience. Lack of expectation toward creating change in the target audience, researchers' incentives, low level of trust among researchers and decision makers, absence of a predefined mechanism for delivery of research results and inappropriate research priorities were among the most important barriers identified in the qualitative section. Conclusion: Translation of research findings into some concrete outputs which can affect health of people is not in mandate of researchers and subsequently they are not prepared for this as well. Based on the barriers identified, it seems that the following interventions are necessary: cooperation among policy makers at macro and meso (organizational) level and the research sector; establishing networks for researchers and decision makers in choosing the research topic, priority setting, and building trust among researchers and policy makers.  
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"Most researchers don’t think of the study's target audiences and production of scientific evidence that would lead to behavior change in them from the start. Nor do they think of disseminating the results in a comprehensible form to the target audiences at the end of the study; they have not been trained for it."

"We don't use our own research much; we don't trust each other or even ourselves."(Researcher).

"We don't even have access to articles that have been published, let alone those (research results) that haven't been published"(policy maker).

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Nedjat S, Gholami J, Yazdizadeh B, Nedjat S, Maleki K, Majdzadeh R.

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