This systematic review explored risk and crisis communication literature to examine how researchers have evaluated social media use in public crises. Twenty-four full-text articles were reviewed, the majority of which focused on natural disasters (n = 11). Studies were commonly descriptive in design (n = 21), used content analysis (n = 12), and examined the content and structure of messages (n = 18).
Disasters and large-scale emergencies
We assessed the effect of information sources on Ebola-specific knowledge and behavior during the 2014–2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone. We pooled data from 4 population-based knowledge, attitude, and practice surveys (August, October, and December 2014 and July 2015), with a total of 10,604 respondents.
Amref Health Africa has developed a mobile app that has in it the Ministry of Health household data collection tools that CHWs are tasked to use. The app works on line and off line allowing CHVs in hard to reach or poor network areas to still collect data. The CHWs can therefore collect data with their own mobile phone and only need to use bundles/ internet connection to allow the data to be transmitted to the DHIS. This has seen a significant improvement in data collection, quality of data and reduced cost of printing data collection tools as well as
For a couple of years I have found myself in a dilemma while working on information management during disease outbreaks, in conflicts areas or during emergencies.
Setting a reporting system amid insecurity, high mortality/morbidity or other calamities proves to be an uphill task. You end up using any scanty information you get which might end up misleading the planners or implementers of interventions on the ground which may hamper the life-saving efforts. Another issue is to verify/validate whatever information you've received from the field.
'With no clear confirmation that the Zika virus causes microcephaly and a general lack of trust in the government against the background of Brazil undergoing severe economic and political crises, there is deep mistrust in official communications, and rumours of all kinds and origins are emerging across Brazil, on street corners as well as spreading rapidly through social media. In January, the Minister of Health (well known for his controversial comments) said Brazil was losing the fight against the mosquito.
Sometimes driven by our generosity we forget to account the actual need of the very people we are trying to help. Last Saturday I visited remote villages of earthquake affected Dhading district where indegenous "Chepan "community live.
I ask one question to all of them, what three things they need most? To my surprise their answer was "Corrugated sheet" "Corrugated sheet" and "Corrugated sheet".
And another question, what three things they want to build with "Corrugated sheet". They prioritise as rebuilding 1. Their homes 2. School 3. Health post.
I am sending this message just to communicate one incident, when one elder man was brought in emergency with alleged poisoning with "antiseptic hand wash" distributed by relief team. He drank the solution because he thought it was "juice". Although the situation was not serious at all and the person was sent back with few antacid, it shows how things may go wrong if we send goods or even medicine without proper situation analysis.