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Let it be sexual: how health care transmission of AIDS in Africa was ignored.

Summary: The consensus among influential AIDS experts that heterosexual transmission accounts for 90% of HIV infections in African adults emerged no later than 1988. We examine evidence available through 1988, including risk measures associating HIV with sexual behaviour, health care, and socioeconomic variables, HIV in children, and risks for HIV in prostitutes and STD patients. Evidence permits the interpretation that health care exposures caused more HIV than sexual transmission.

Regional HIV knowledge hubs: a new approach by the health sector to transform knowledge into practice.

This study aims to introduce the knowledge hub (KH) as an initiative to facilitate transformation of knowledge into practice and to highlight the activity and limitations with this new policy. The study was conducted through a review of articles; expert views in this field were sought for further information. Regional human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) KHs were developed by the World Health Organization and GTZ. A series of activities including capacity building, development of training models, technical assistance, and application of studies are provided through these hubs.

Christianity and HIV prevention in Papua

Below is an extract from a news report. It appears the church in Papua is sending a confusing message: condoning use of condoms for men having sex with prostitutes, but opposing more widespread use of condoms on the basis that they encourage promiscuity.

Ebola in West Africa (97) What is Health Knowledge and how should we use it? (3)

a few years ago, I went to inspect a hospital and was told that the medical head of the hospital had taken ill with stroke but had been taken to a native doctor for 'cure' by his family on his say so. I asked to be taken to see him at the native doctors 'clinic' and he told me he thought that his own stroke as different. He blamed his enemies for striking him with the stroke !!.

Unravelling the quality of HIV counselling and testing services in the private and public sectors in Zambia

Background: Despite the substantial investment for providing HIV counselling and testing (VCT) services in Zambia, there has been little effort to systematically evaluate the quality of VCT services provided by various types of health providers. This study, conducted in 2009, examines VCT in the public and private sectors including private for-profit and NGO/faith-based sectors in Copperbelt and Luapula.

Scaling up Evidence-Informed HIV Prevention for Adolescent Girls and Young Women

'Adolescents are a critical priority in HIV prevention programming. Today's adolescents have never known a world without AIDS. People born with HIV and those becoming sexually active in an era of HIV and AIDS face complicated risks and challenges that were unknown to previous generations.

HIV and AIDS. The 10 top messages for children (3)

I live in Lesotho in a rural area where the incidence of HIV/AIDs is high. I work with the children of our valley. Education of any sort on HIV/AIDs related topics is very poor. I am starting a children's centre where I hope among other things to provide children with relevant, useful information such as the information outlined below....

HIV and AIDS. The 10 top messages for children (4)

It is very important for anyone working with children to 'version' information so that the children they work with understand it well (and its in a form that they can easily share) and that the information is taught in such a way that the children develop skills and the attitudes that work to protect their health and the health of others (for example smaller children they are caring for). And it has to be accurate.......


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