Summary: The consensus among influential AIDS experts that heterosexual transmission accounts for 90% of HIV infections in African adults emerged no later than 1988. We examine evidence available through 1988, including risk measures associating HIV with sexual behaviour, health care, and socioeconomic variables, HIV in children, and risks for HIV in prostitutes and STD patients. Evidence permits the interpretation that health care exposures caused more HIV than sexual transmission.
This study aims to introduce the knowledge hub (KH) as an initiative to facilitate transformation of knowledge into practice and to highlight the activity and limitations with this new policy. The study was conducted through a review of articles; expert views in this field were sought for further information. Regional human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) KHs were developed by the World Health Organization and GTZ. A series of activities including capacity building, development of training models, technical assistance, and application of studies are provided through these hubs.
Below is an extract from a news report. It appears the church in Papua is sending a confusing message: condoning use of condoms for men having sex with prostitutes, but opposing more widespread use of condoms on the basis that they encourage promiscuity.
'Adolescents are a critical priority in HIV prevention programming. Today's adolescents have never known a world without AIDS. People born with HIV and those becoming sexually active in an era of HIV and AIDS face complicated risks and challenges that were unknown to previous generations.
I live in Lesotho in a rural area where the incidence of HIV/AIDs is high. I work with the children of our valley. Education of any sort on HIV/AIDs related topics is very poor. I am starting a children's centre where I hope among other things to provide children with relevant, useful information such as the information outlined below....
It is very important for anyone working with children to 'version' information so that the children they work with understand it well (and its in a form that they can easily share) and that the information is taught in such a way that the children develop skills and the attitudes that work to protect their health and the health of others (for example smaller children they are caring for). And it has to be accurate.......