Understanding information needs
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools teach the principles of evidence-based medicine (EBM) as part of their undergraduate curriculum. Medical students perceive that EBM is valuable to their undergraduate and postgraduate career. Students may experience barriers to applying EBM principles, especially when searching for evidence or identifying high-quality resources.
Objectives: To assess clinician provision of hormonal contraception for HIV-positive and at-risk women in Southern Africa.
"382 million adults (8.3%) worldwide are living with diabetes, and the estimate is projected to rise to more than 592 million by 2035"
Background: Despite a substantial decrease in child mortality in Ethiopia over the past decade, neonatal mortality remains unchanged (37/1000 live-births). This paper describes a qualitative study on beliefs and practices on immediate newborn and postnatal care in four rural communities of Ethiopia conducted to inform development of a package of community-based interventions targeting newborns.
As we have heard recently on HIFA, the situation on 'information for users of medicines' in many low-resource settings bears little if any relation to that in high-income countries. In low-resource settings, it is common for patients to be given tablets in a plain envelope, without any information at all. Research is needed in such settings, both to assess the severity of the problem, and to find cost-effective interventions to deal with it - and these interventions are likely to be very different to those described below.
I would like to share with you an article on Evidence-informed Health Policy Making: The Role of Policy Brief http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3445273/ to reinforce the statement of Dr Najeeb Mohamed Al Shorbaji on EVIPNet which facilitate the translation of knowledge into policy and actions.
Cancer patients dying in Senegal often die in excruciating pain because of a lack of morphine and other drugs. Hospitals in Touba, the country's second largest city, don't have morphine but they can't write prescriptions that can be filled in Dakar because they don't have the correct prescription pads.